Operating for fifty-three years, Usiminas is an important steel maker in Latin America.
The Company's qualified workforce combines experience and capability to achieve efficiency and productivity, enabling the Company to supply quality flat steel and services with innovative technology.
Usiminas works in a sustainable manner and as a good corporate citizen, supporting the education and the healthcare through the São Francisco Xavier Foundation (Fundação São Francisco Xavier) and culture and sports jointly with the Usiminas Cultural Institute (Instituto Cultural Usiminas). The Company also promotes environmental initiatives, such as the Xerimbabo Project, which has welcomed more than two million visitors over almost three decades.
With innovation, knowhow and quality, Usiminas contributes to the building of a more sustainable future.
averaging 63.4 hours per
by employees Mãos Seguras (Safe
Hands) project, whose objective is to
reduce the most common accidents
and to which parts of the body
took part in Ação Educativa
(Action for Education) activities, which
are dedicated to cultural training and
public education in Ipatinga.
of fresh water is the ratio reached
at the two Usiminas steel plants.
The integration of the range of products and services offered by Usiminas guarantees unique and competitive solutions for diverse strategically important market segments . Learn more about our main products and their applications.
Get to know our units.
Usiminas has two steel mills, in Ipatinga, in the Vale do Aço (MG) region, and in Cubatão, in the Baixada Santista (SP). The integration of the mills allows us to offer the market a diversified portfolio of flat steels, in particular products of high technological content. The Ipatinga plant also includes Unigal, which makes hot dip galvanized steel. Find out more at usiminas.com.
The iron ore mines produce pellet feed, sinter feed and granulates for Usiminas’ own use and for sale at home and abroad. Investments in the production line have led to gains in scale and quality. Find out more at usiminas.com/mineracao.
A modern steel processing infrastructure transforms Usiminas products into rolls, blanks, pipes, welded assemblies, profiles, structures, metal disks, etc. These parts are made to order for the market and delivered to customers through an efficient logistics system. Find out more at usiminas.com/solucoes.
Manufacturer of capital goods for heavy industry, each of its projects bears the stamp of quality, technical rigor and credibility. It operates in the segments of industrial equipment, assemblies, railcars and foundry castings, bridges, structures and blanks. Find out more at usiminas.com/mecanica.
Usiminas recognizes the value of its employees as the basis for the work in which the company is engaged. Our employees are the key agents for change, and their creative contribution and their constant commitment are essential elements in the search for quality and productivity. Investments in training and professional qualification are proof of the continuous commitment to the training and development of its employees.
average 63.4 hours
in language, under-graduate
and graduate degree programs, as
well as masters programs and
took part in employee performance
and potential evaluations in 2015:
preparation for the future.
To continually invest in employee training and development: This is the role of Educar – the Usiminas Corporate Education process for learning via distance training. The Educar Program encompasses all company actions dedicated to employee training and development.
The program focuses on tying employee training and growth to the company’s strategy. Thus the Educar Program provides internal monitoring and training courses customized for the needs and activity of each employee. For this to happen, the program also relies on a distance training system, e-learning, a non-physical method of teaching and learning over the Internet.
|Number of employees|
|Below 30 years old||5.095|
|From 30 to 50 years old||11.893|
|Above 50 years old||1.650|
|Number of Men||17.600|
|Number of Women||1.038|
|Avg Level Technician||140.431|
More than a directive, safety is a value for Usiminas. The company engages in an extensive range of actions aimed at creating a safety culture at its facilities, thus preserving the well-being of its employees. Added to this are programs and benefits dedicated to preventing illnesses and healthcare treatment.
In 2015, Usiminas invested significant amounts in safety training. The Company contributed R$69.3 million to improve workplace environments. Besides obligatory training by law, a wide range of programs was offered – working at heights, safety management, confined environments, safety in the operation of moving equipment (overhead craens and forklifts), safety tools, among others.
The Company achieved the rate of 0.67 accident per 1 million hours worked, compared to 1.13 in 2014.
Attended the World Day for Health
and Safety at Work: awareness as
to the main causes of deaths.
of the accident prevention system
(Sipat) strengthened the right of
refusal: if it’s not safe don’t do it.
by employees under the Mãos Seguras
Project that seeks to reduce the most
common accidents to specific parts of
Usisaúde is the health plan provider, serving the Usiminas employees, their family members and the regions where the company is located. In order to offer differentiated health care plans, with quality assistance, competitiveness and sustainability, Usisaúde innovates in services, expanding its various communication channels and growth strategies. Over the last past years, Usisaúde restructured areas, hired personnel, implemented new technologies, guidelines and processes, expanded the access to services and increased service providers and memberships.
from Usisaúde, Brazil’s largest philanthropic
healthcare operator and the fifth largest
operator in Minas Gerais.
in the States of Minas Gerais, São
Paulo, Espírito Santo, Rio Grande
do Sul and Rio de Janeiro.
(Attitude Rhymes with Health) Change of
habits, improved quality of life and the prevention
of illnesses for employees, their dependents and
Find out more
Strengthening relations with the community where it operates is a constant focus of attention at Usiminas. The company invests in regional development through its own projects or partnerships with non-governmental organizations and local authorities. In 2015, R$7 million were invested in the company’s own projects and partnerships.
Additionally, the São Francisco Xavier Foundation (FSFX), a private philanthropic entity acts as Usiminas' representative to social welfare. It currently consists of five units: The Márcio Cunha Hospital, the São Francisco Xavier High School, the Usisaúde health insurance operator, the Integrated Dental Center, and the Occupational Safety and Health, and Environmental Service.
Sponsored through tax breaks in the regions of Baixada Santista (SP), Vale do
Aço and the Mid-Western region of Minas Gerais.
in Ação Educativa (Educational Action)
initiatives focused on cultural training
and public education in Ipatinga.
run by Usiminas for over 10 years, providing
assistance in labor market penetration for
residents of the Pedreira do Mantiqueira community,
which has grown up around the Industrial Center
of the Baixada Santista region.
in its two units. Reference for
over 800,000 people in 35 municipalities in its
region of influence in the eastern part of Minas
Gerais, the hospital is noted for services
provided within the Single Health System (SUS).
Find out more
Usiminas is committed to continuously improving its environmental performance, especially through the rational use of natural resources and the management of its impacts. The Company invests in the pursuit of sustainable solutions to combine industrial production with environmental conservation, combined with actions for social equity.
The Company was the first in the Brazilian steel industry - and the second in the world - to secure the ISO 14001 certification. The marketed products meet the stringent requirements imposed by the European RoHS and ELV directives, world references in ecolabels.
The Investment by Usiminas in projects involving engineering, maintenance and process improvement, education and management of resources aimed at preventing and keeping the company’s environmental impacts to a minimum.
of fresh water is the ratio reached
at the two Usiminas steel plants.
of different species were planted
at Ipatinga in 2015 under the
Green Areas program.
Find out more
of materials reused from recycling
in the production process.
Innovation is in the DNA of Usiminas, which, since it was foundation, has incoporated technological value-added in its products as a market differential. The Usiminas Research and Development Center in Ipatinga, MG, works to create, master, apply and disseminate scientific and technological know how, which gives the Company competitive advantages.
This know how is applied, above all, in developing new products; identifying and engineering steel applications; improving industrial processes; identifying and analyzing raw materials, inputs, by-products and diverse materials related to the steel production process; conserving the environment; and identifying and evaluating new technology and new business.
Get to know some of the products developed by Usiminas in 2015, always with the intention of meeting its customers main demands
Find out more
The search for knowledge and innovation to support the company’s activities is one of the pillars of Usiminas. So, in 2015, Usiminas created two new groups for the Master’s Degree in Physical and Extractive Metallurgy for its engineers, in partnership with the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). With 288 classroom hours per group, the program covered 43 employees at the Ipatinga Plant, chosen based on criteria such as the need for knowledge on account of their functions and time with the company.
During the course, the employees have to develop projects that search for effective solutions for issues faced by the company.
To create vocational education opportunities in the Vale do Aço region, helping young people in job market placement, Usiminas and the National Industrial Apprenticeship Service (Senai) created a partnership that has produced one of the largest vocational training centers in Brazil, at Ipatinga (MG).
In 2015, some 2,000 students a day attended the training center facilities, receiving theoretical and practical education in areas such as welding, mechanical and electrical maintenance, machining and metal working, among others.
The building of new laboratories and extensions to the facilities undertaken by the Senai are contributing to the greater employability of young people in the region, in addition to preparing the basic workforce for Usiminas itself, since part of the practical classes takes place inside the company.
As technology evolves, it is increasingly common for cellphones to become a distraction in the workplace. In an industrial environment, this is a risk we cannot afford to take. To this end, Usiminas has set out new rules for the use of cellphones at its units, restricting the situations where these devices can be uses: only at safe locations and when the employee is not at his/her workstation.
The Usisaúde Superar (Overcome) Project deals with the precautions that must be taken to prevent injuries to the musculoskeletal system (spinal column and joint bones), caused by practicing sports and traffic accidents. Participation is open to beneficiaries of Usisaúde at Mineração Usiminas and the Ipatinga and Cubatão plants.
A study involving 55 employees of the Ipatinga Plant showed the results of the program in 2015. An analysis of days lost due to with spinal column and joint problems in the 12 months prior to joining the program pointed to 1,192 days lost due to those injuries. An analysis of the same data, 12 months after joining the program, showed that this figure had fallen to 107 days, down by 91%.
Sponsored by Usiminas, the “Bracher – Pintura e Permanência” exhibition was seen by over 500 thousand visitors in the cities of Belo Horizonte, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Brasília; it wound up its season at the Usiminas Cultural Center, in Ipatinga (Minas Gerais). This interactive exhibition that included multimedia and scenography spaces was a retrospective of the long career of the well known painter Carlos Bracher, born in Minas Gerais. In addition to the paintings, the exhibition included drawings, books, catalogs, pictures, personal objects and poems written by the artist. Visitors were also able to participate and follow Bracher’s explosive creation process through live paintings.
A pioneering service in the Eastern region of Minas Gerais state, the Marcio Cunha Pediatric Oncology Hospital has become a benchmark for attending to children and adolescents with cancer from the 85 municipalities comprising the eastern macro region, with a population of approximately 1.47 million inhabitants. The service reduces the inconvenience caused by the long journeys imposed on families of children and adolescents of up to the age of 19, who had to go in search of assistance in other cities such as Belo Horizonte and São Paulo. Based on new data indicated by regional demand, it is estimated that 116 appointments are held every month, with an expectation of an average of over 100 new cases annually.
The HMC Oncology Unit has two new radiotherapy apparatus, linear accelerators. Imported from The United States, the equipment is part of the Foundation’s investment package for expanding and modernizing the unit. The linear accelerators enable radiotherapy to be performed, which is extremely useful and effective in the fight against several kinds of tumors.
During 2015, the Usiminas Center for Research and Development carried out several studies that made a significant contribution to improving the company’s environmental performance, the main highlights of which are shown below:
A pioneer in environmental education in Brazil, in 2015 the Xerimbabo Usiminas Project reached its 31st year in the Minas Gerais Vale do Aço and its 6th year in Itatiaiuçu, Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, where Mineração Usiminas is located. With the theme "Bios - What was it? What is it? What will it be?", the project invites us to examine possibilities when seeking sustainable solutions in the interaction with the environment.
In 2015, the project, consisting of seminars for educators, competitions at schools and cultural exhibitions, received a total of 61,317 people, among teachers, students, and community members . In 2015, the Xerimbabo Project hosted a cultural exhibition called "Life is more," presented by the Minas Gerais State Government and by Usiminas, which sponsored the event through the State Cultural Incentive Law.
Throughout its history, the Xerimbabo Project has received 2.4 million people, consolidating itself as a proposal for a comprehensive environmental education.
The opportunity to develop a product that doesn’t exist in the market, based on the demand from a company in the Brazilian automotive industry was the starting point for creating FB580-EG steel. To enable the customer to reduce the percentage of rejects and reworking in the manufacture of critical parts, Usiminas developed a steel grade with high yield strength, exceptional ability to absorb intense localized deformations and high anti-corrosion resistance.
The product was developed in record time, carried out initially at the R&D center where several options were investigated and tested to achieve the characteristics required, with the possibility of manufacture on an industrial scale. Thereafter, experiments were conducted at the Ipatinga plant, with emphasis on adjusting processes so that the final product could exhibit optimal conditions, taking into account quality and production costs.
Extremely smooth imperfections in cold rolled steels used in automotive panels, although only perceptible upon close inspection, can show up after painting, compromising the panel's appearance. These defects lead to the material being rejected, which means productivity loss and higher costs. Thus, processing these steels requires rigorous control in all fabrication phases.
The hot-rolled process may generate to a defect known as “bamboo shoots”, a flaw resulting in light surface scale, which occurs on cold rolled and coated sheets. There was a high incidence of this problem in the first half of 2015. To resolve the problem, an R&D study was carried out to investigate in detail the mechanism that creates this defect.
Several sophisticated techniques were used, such as advanced statistical analysis of process data. When the results were analyzed, it became possible to reproduce a mechanism that creates the defect. As a result, several controls already in place in the hot rolling process were reinforced, as well as inputs for taking additional actions in the industrial process. As a result, the percentage of “bamboo shoot” defects has fallen to practically zero.
The Atitude Rima com Saúde (Attitude Rhymes with Health) Program, which in Portuguese is a play on words, was launched in 2010 by Usisaúde. In partnership with Usiminas, it currently has 13 different projects targeting adults, pregnant women, elderly people, adolescents and children. The most recent project, the Superar (Overcome) project, included in 2014, is focused on assessing and monitoring problems and injuries related to the Osteo-muscular System (bones, muscles and articulations), caused by the practice of sports, traffic accidents or improper repetitive movements with the body. Initially implemented in the cities of Ipatinga (MG) and Cubatão (SP), the Superar Project already benefited 1,145 employees.
The Attitude Rhymes with Health Program results in gains to everyone. After all, a healthy and satisfied employee is synonymous with higher productivity and fewer chances of diseases and absenteeism. For Usisaúde, healthy beneficiaries indirectly result in reducing healthcare costs, contributing to balance the cost/benefit ratio and ensuring business sustainability.Projects offered:
The Márcio Cunha Hospital (HMC) is a general hospital, licensed for high-complexity procedures and service provision in the outpatient, emergency room, hospitalization, and diagnostic service areas. With 530 beds in two units, in addition to a third unit used exclusively to treat cancer patients and a Diagnostic Medicine unit, it is a reference to some 800,000 people residing in more than 35 cities and towns in eastern Minas Gerais.
The Márcio Cunha Hospital Oncology Unit, a regional reference in the fight against cancer, currently performs more than 74,000 procedures per year, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine services, and consultations.
The first in the country to be accredited with Excellence by the National Accreditation Organization (ONA), in 2003, the Márcio Cunha Hospital achieved another hallmark in 2014, this time on the international scene. Det Norske Veritas (DNV) recommended the HMC for the DNV International Accreditation Standard (DIAS) certification, the hospital accreditation standard based on the National Integrated Accreditation for Healthcare Organizations (NIAHO), which is formally recognized by the United States Health Department.
All this recognition is a key differentiating factor in providing health services to patients served by Usisaúde, by the Unified Health System (SUS), and by health insurance companies.
Since its establishment, Usiminas has carried out green area implantation, recovery, and preservation actions in Ipatinga (MG), planting and supplying seedlings and making firebreaks maintenance work to prevent forest fires. In 2015, 136,194 m2 of firebreaks were constructed and 22,399 seedlings of various species planted, of which 12,473 arboreal species seedlings, 5531 fruit tree seedlings, and 4,395 ornamental plant seedlings. A total of 5,386 kg of humus were also processed.
ENERGY: The steel industry is energy-intensive, therefore it is continually searching for technological and operational alternatives to increase energy efficiency. In 2015, efforts at the Ipatinga Plant managed to obtain a reduction of 10.9% in thermal energy consumption on the Heavy Plate line, and 6.9% on the Hot Strip line.
AIR QUALITY: At Ipatinga, the air monitoring is continuous and automated using on-line data. Four monitoring stations use high technology instruments to monitor concentrations of atmospheric pollutants, as well as local meteorological variables, making a total of 19 parameters, installed in the area surrounding the plant, and operated by Usiminas. Government bodies automatically receive the results.
WASTEWATER: Wastewater discharged from all Usiminas business units added up to 130.6 million cubic meters in 2015. All wastewater coming from the group's companies is treated before being returned to the environment. The treatment process includes decanting, flocculation and filtration steps. Thus, Usiminas meets the legal standards for disposal.
API X70 is a steel grade in the final phase of industrial development through the accelerated cooling method, which is able to resist an acid environment (“sour service”) and is extremely tough. It is employed in large-diameter pipelines for transporting oil and gas. This steel is also used offshore in deep-water drilling rigs, where special properties are required;
A steel with a 70 kgf/mm2 yield strength, developed specially with alloys of low carbon equivalent, controlled lamination and direct annealing, which is then tempered. It is used to make industrial machinery and equipment, highway implements and agricultural machines. With its low carbon equivalent content, this steel is excellent for welding;
A very high yield strength steel with a minimum flow limit of 890MPa, permitting a substantial reduction in the weight of the equipment and proving to be extremely tough at low temperatures. It is used to make industrial machinery and equipment, highway implements and agricultural machines;
An ultra-high yield strength steel with a minimum flow limit of 800MPa, intended for the automotive market. Its high strength is obtained by adding micro-binders, principally Nb, and by the presence of extremely hard components obtained by transforming austenite through rapid cooling. It is used mainly in highly rigid vehicle parts;
A member of the family of advanced latest-generation steels, CP1000 offers high yield strength and is used like HSLA800, only differing in the way its strength is obtained, which is by transforming austenite through rapid cooling, creating a microstructure composed of acicular ferrite, bainite and martensite;